Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Watershed Issues And Policies Of The Himalayan Region

Sharon Fighter Final Paper Watershed Issues and Policies in the Himalayan Region The Himalayan region provides water to more than 150 million people in the uplands and lowlands, and the water basins support 1.5 billion people who inhabit the area, and up to 3 billion people rely on the food and energy produced using the Himalayan watershed (1). The glaciers in the Himalayas deliver large quantities of runoff to the major tributaries of the Ganges and the rivers in the adjacent basins (2). These glacial resources are essential to the water supply both in the uplands and lowlands for irrigation, hydroelectric power and agriculture and household use. The flows of the Himalayan watershed are affected by the precipitation and the melting of snow and ice from the glaciers. The runoff of melting snow and ice in recent years suggests that climate change may be having a significant impact on flows in the watershed, reducing the amount of runoff in addition to the decline in monsoon rainfall since the 1960’s (2). Inadequate water supplies and energy shortages are causing serious problems in all the surrounding countries that these rivers serve. They threaten domestic stability, leading some of the countries to build dams to control the flow of water and to generate hydroelectric power (3). In the uplands, China has an increasing demand for hydro-electric power, but water scarcity of the rivers is causing tension in the Himalayan watershed and international tension is created alongShow MoreRelatedWater Is Essential For Meeting Human Needs1022 Words   |  5 Pagesstoring the excess run-off, the average production of rice can be raised to 120 million tonnes and that of wheat to 70 million tonnes within the next 5 to 10 years. Many eminent intellectuals are in the view that the third world war would happen on the issue of water. One of the most crucial factors affecting development, is the management of water resources. Water is the essential for sustainability. Day to day there is an increase in demand for water resource due to population growth and it is essentialRead MoreClimate Change And Agriculture On Indi Impacts And Adaptation For Sustainable Future1646 Words   |  7 Pagestheir livelihood. Agriculture, along with fisheries and forestry, contributes 16.11 % to the Indian Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Therefore India has concern about climate change issues because of its large population who depends upon climate sensitive activity like agriculture for their livelihood, water storage in the Himalayan glaciers which are the source of major rivers and groundwater recharge. Possible changes in temperature, precipitation and CO2 concentration are expected to significantly impactRead MoreWater as a Sour ce of Future Conflict in Sa26984 Words   |  108 Pagesbillion people† already lack water supplies. Water use has risen six-fold over the past 70 years. By 2050, it is estimated that 4.2 billion people live in countries that cannot meet people’s daily basis needs. South Asia is a region of water abundance and scarcity. â€Å"Issues concerning water allotment are the basic strategic distress over the state relations billion people will be† (Kshatri 2004, 4). 2. The melted snow of the Himalayas plays an important role in Water Resources of South Asia, whichRead MoreChallenges Faced On River Linking Projects3840 Words   |  16 Pageshydro-electric power from the plants. †¢ Navigation Since new canals are built new ways and routes are automatically generated, which makes it very easy to transport water which otherwise is a very expensive issue. DISADVANTAGES: †¢ Environmental issues The ecological and environmental issues are the major concerns in the river linking projects, since the rivers due to force of flow might change the course once the river linking is completed, this might create huge problems with respect to the environmentRead MoreHimachal Pradesh an Overview9238 Words   |  37 Pagesdances that are specific to certain regions and are best performed by the people of that area.   Some of the dance forms of Himachal are Losar Shona Chuksam (Kinnaur), Dangi (Chamba), Gee Dance and Burah dance, (Sirmour), Naati, Kharait, Ujagjama and Chadhgebrikar (Kullu) and Shunto (Lahaul amp; Spiti).   As for the music of Himachal Pradesh is concerned, there is no classical form though there plenty of folk music to listen to. The folk stories of mountainous regions often find a mention in this musicRead MoreClimate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction6524 Words   |  27 Pagesoverall long-term characteristics of the weather experienced at a place. For example, Singapore, in the tropics, has a hot wet climate, while continental Mongolia always has cold winters. The ecosystems, agriculture, livelihoods and settlements of a region are very dependent on its climate. The climate therefore can be thought of as a long-term summary of weather conditions, taking account of the average conditions as well as the variability of these conditions. The fluctuations that occur from yearRead MoreThe Holy River of India-River Ganges9512 Words   |  39 PagesGanges is mainly in India, but also flows through Bangladesh before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The river, about 2,510 km (1,560 mi) long , rises in a snowfield called THE GANGOTRI GLACIER, situated among three Himalayan mountains all more than 6,706 m (22,000 ft) high. It issues as the Bhagirathi River from an ice cave, 3,139 m (10,300 ft) above sea level, and falls 67 m per km (350 ft per mi). About 16 km (10 mi) from the source is Gangotri, the first temple on its banks and a traditional resortRead MoreGround Water Depletion6229 Words   |  25 Pageseach year) and are growing at a rate of 5.5 percent per annum. There are more than 27 million private tube-wells in the country Pervasive usage of individual wells makes monitoring and enforcement extremely difficult, and hence impedes conventional policy design to check over-extraction. World Bank estimate in 2005 warned that if the cur-rent trends continue, 60% of all aquifers in India will be in a critical condition within 20 years . In a recent study, Rodell et al. used Gravity Recovery and ClimateRead MoreGround Water Depletion6229 Words   |  25 Pageseach yea r) and are growing at a rate of 5.5 percent per annum. There are more than 27 million private tube-wells in the country Pervasive usage of individual wells makes monitoring and enforcement extremely difficult, and hence impedes conventional policy design to check over-extraction. World Bank estimate in 2005 warned that if the cur-rent trends continue, 60% of all aquifers in India will be in a critical condition within 20 years . In a recent study, Rodell et al. used Gravity Recovery and ClimateRead MoreRoles of Media in Environment Awareness5969 Words   |  24 Pagesdisseminator of information, and being an agent of change. Regarding the issue of environment awareness, media plays a vital role in spreading the true message. Along with bringing it into the hub of debates and discussions, it tries to suggest alternatives to people and policy-makers. First of all, the mere awareness also creates a genuine interest to probe into the exact matter. Thus, environment awareness is one of the important issues which media presents consciously and effectively to say a few things

Friday, May 15, 2020

An Assessment And Action Plan For Self Improvement

Leadership Qualities to Develop: An Assessment and Action Plan for Self-Improvement Carolann Stanek University of Mary Leadership Qualities to Develop: An Assessment and Action Plan for Self-Improvement Influential nurse leaders need to demonstrate specific characteristics in order to effectively lead within a healthcare organization. A MSN/MBA in Healthcare Administration prepared nurse should uphold leadership competencies detailed by the American Organization of Nurse Executives [AONE] and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN]. A nurse leader must self-assess strengths, limitations, and values, as well as identify opportunities for personal and professional growth. In this paper, I will explore desired†¦show more content†¦Specifically, the nurse leader will acquire the ability to facilitate change, advance a culture of excellence, promote lifelong learning for self and others, foster collaborative multi-disciplinary care teams, design advanced nursing practices, assimilate services across the healthcare organization, and implement evidence into practice (AACN, 2011). These leadership skills are learned and demonstrated through AACN’s (2011) following nine essentials during master’s-level nursing education. †¢ Essential I: Background for Practice from Sciences and Humanities - Requires that the master’s-prepared nurse integrates evidence-based findings for the continual improvement of nursing care across diverse settings. †¢ Essential II: Organizational and Systems Leadership - Distinguishes organizational and systems leadership are critical to the promotion of high quality and safe patient care. Leadership skills that emphasize ethical and critical decision making, effective working relationships, and a systems-perspective are needed. †¢ Essential III: Quality Improvement and Safety - Recognizes that a master’s-prepared nurse must be skilled in the methods, tools, performance measures, and standards related to quality for application in a healthcare system. †¢ Essential IV: Translating and Integrating Scholarship into Practice - Outlines that the master’s-preparedShow MoreRelatedReflection on Leadership1795 Words   |  7 PagesLeaders motivate, inspire, convince, and coach others towards a certain vision. Leadership dwells on emotional intelligence that is the ability to manage oneself and one’s relationships. Emotional intelligence is achieved through social skill, self-awareness, self-management, and social-awareness (Daniel, 2004). Leadership is different from management in that it focuses on doing the right things while management focuses on doing things right (Jeffrey, 2007). Here, the leaders challenge the status quoRead MoreEnabling Learning Through Assessment1705 Words   |  7 Pages3D Enabling Learning Through Assessment Part A Learning is something that everybody does, be it in the classroom or outside of it. Learning is an active ‘meaning-making process. Only information that has been structured and organised by the learner can pass into the long-term memory and then be used in real life. In order to achieve goals and progress in life we need to learn, be it every day survival skills or acquiring academic knowledge. To determine how much we already know or to determineRead MoreEssay on Dtlls Numeracy L223 Task 2 Quality Assurance1351 Words   |  6 PagesReport Module 223 TASK 2 The report aims to illustrate and evaluate the Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement processes, procedures and initiatives taken by Further Education Providers, with Newcastle College FE as example for providing excellent educational services for students. Further, the report gives a personal review and analysis the role of tutor in the quality cycle Definition of quality assurance According to the International Organisation for Standardisation â€Å"Quality assuranceRead MoreThe Health Belief Model Of People With Type 2 Diabetes789 Words   |  4 PagesBoskey (2014) concludes that a person’s willingness to change their health behaviors includes perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived barriers, and cues to action and self-efficacy. For example, Carpenter (2010) report the Health Belief Model stipulates that a change may occur if individuals see an adverse health outcome to be severe and perceive them to be vulnerable to it. Other perceptions include benefits of behaviors that reduce the likelihood of that outcome to be high, andRead MoreAn Assessment Of This Writer s Personal Power Within An Organization Essay976 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The purpose of this paper is to outline an assessment of this writer’s personal power within an organization. The assessment includes strengths, weaknesses and opportunities for personal improvement. Additionally, a plan to actualize an increase in personal power is described; and, the significance of personal power to the nursing profession and the impact to social change is discussed. Self-assessment I currently hold a nurse director’s position in a small rural hospital. ProfessionalRead MorePerformance Management Systems : An Important Part Of Human Resource Management System1092 Words   |  5 Pagesbusinesses productivity and performance. After they have been successfully trained, the employees will need some type of performance management system set up so that they can be continually monitored on their performance to see where they may need improvement and to also see how they are developing and where and when rewards will take place. There are many ways to manage your employees’ performance. The most effective way to make sure that your employees are continuing their success and moving up withinRead MoreLiteracy Learning Plan781 Words   |  4 Pages6.2 Develop a plan for improving own knowledge, understanding and skills in literacy, numeracy and ICT. Make a table like below and fill in training you could do, you can use past training to start and go into future training you would like to do if you want. I may just be training you have had on use of interactive white bopard or how to make power points Training need Start date End date Support / Resources Mathematics- key skills course 2009 2010 Provided by forster college, undertaken toRead MoreProject Individual Reflection Paper And Project Group1389 Words   |  6 PagesProject Individual Reflection Paper and Project Group Through the completion of my project group in the assessment course, I have gained an immense amount of knowledge and a plethora of assessment practice. The project framework allows me to contribute in the WMU’s strategic plan initiatives in developing a project about the Signature designation while taking the course. In here, I was able to create a variety of project’s products, such as project proposal, poster and project’s presentation andRead MoreThe Importance Of Effective Communication Skills For Leaders1574 Words   |  7 PagesOption 1: Personal Communication Development Plan Tanya Schankel ORG423 - Communication Strategies for Leaders Colorado State University - Global Campus Dr. Barbara Moyer October 2, 2016 Executive Summary Importance of Effective Communication Skills: In today s competitive marketplace, it is important for company success for leaders to have the proper communication skills that will help the organization reach its goals. Effective communication is practice and honed through day-to-day activitiesRead MoreWho Is Angelina Jones-Huggins? I Am One Of Six Children1368 Words   |  6 PagesWho is Angelina Jones-Huggins? I am one of six children born to my parents. I was born the second oldest child. I am the mother of one adult child and the wife of a wonderful man that supports me all my efforts of self- improvement. I have been a minister for the past 12 years which is the foundation of my life. It is important for me to see the spiritual significance in any situation I encounter. There is a lesson to be learned from everything I do in this life to get me to the next level in my

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How Art Improves Our Lives - 831 Words

Art is a deliberate recreation of a new and special reality that grows from one’s response to life. It improves our existence by enhancing, changing and perpetuating our cultural composition. â€Å"The great artist knows how to impose their particular illusion on the rest of mankind,† proclaimed Guy de Mauspassant. Art improves our lives by directly and indirectly lift the morale of individuals, creating unity and social solidarity. Art creates awareness of social issues. Art may express and reflect the religious, political, and economical aspects of cultures. Art is and can be what ever a culture says it is or what ever they want it to be. It involves all people, those who conceive the idea of the work, execute it, provide necessary equipment†¦show more content†¦Students must be taught to understand the principles of art as they are understood by the cultural group in which they belong in order to truly achieve global awareness and appreciation for art. Obvio usly, teachers must gain this awareness themselves before they can impart it to their students. Travel, physically or intellectually, is necessary for teachers who truly aspire to instill a devotion to open-mindedness and tolerance in their students. Furthermore, teachers themselves must be open to teaching about culturally diverse art, and learning the history and meaning of behind such pieces. As teachers, we must constantly be open to expanding our base of knowledge and learning new information to share with our students. It is important to note that teaching art requires more than just looking at pictures, listening to music or watching a dance. To teach art in a truly meaningful way, principles of art history, production, criticism and aesthetics must be explored. Students must be taught to value not only the beauty of art, but also the meaning, elements and the history of art. Students do not naturally look at a painting and know the principles contained in it, who created it and for what purpose. Students must learn how to view and critique art in order to understand it. This understanding can come from being immersed in an environment in which art is an essential component to learning. If art is integrated throughout the curriculum,Show MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Other Hand 1418 Words   |  6 PagesHunter Godwin Major Kieser English 101 27 October 2015 Beauty Educates The meaning of beauty and how it applies to the viewer varies among people. Leo Tolstoy reveals that the beauty we perceive through art can change or support a pre-conceived idea. On the other hand, Elaine Scarry’s view resides in the fact that our view of beauty promotes the spirit of justice. Art is not so much the focus, rather beauty is the driving force of these two essays. There is an educational aspect to beautyRead MoreThe Impact Of Implementing Art On Everyday Lives1683 Words   |  7 PagesThe Impact of implementing Art in daily lives â€Å"Art is you being free from all of the world’s heaviness†. - Cathy Malchiodi, Ph.D. Many people face problems each and every day of his or her life. Often times in life, many people face overwhelming obstacles in their life that can become out of their control. Art has the ability to make one’s life of everlasting learning, growth, and deliverance. Pioneered in the 1940s, art therapy has been found to express personal concerns, interest, current situationsRead MoreWhat Creates Happiness And Good Health1223 Words   |  5 Pagesmeaning we exhaust the ideas of playing sports, creating art, or making things to better the lives of people around us. We all understand art is a part of our daily life, and how we choose to use or create the art affects our personal self. Throughout the semester there are aspects of the teaching which have changed the way I notice and create my art in my life. I focus heavily on the sports I play to show my transformation. However, I do see how when I create pieces of artwork, I feel more creativeRead MoreMusic And Theater Education Is Important, If Not More Than Other Subjects1749 Words   |  7 Pages Art allows us to see a new aspect of the world and enhance our lives so people can truly learn who they are (Stand for the Arts). It gives us the chance to create our future, share our past and define our dreams (Stand for the Arts 1).The arts are just as important, if not more, than other subjects like math and english. Music and theater education correspond with greater scores in math and reading (â€Å"11 Facts About Arts in Education†). Art can help people psychologically whether they have aRead More The Importance of Arts Education Essay1498 Words   |  6 PagesImportance of Arts Education Jane Alexander, Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), once said, â€Å"Many children are missing out on something which gives their education context, gives their lives depth and meaning, and prepares them to be the future workforce.† This â€Å"something† that she spoke of is music and art education. Unfortunately, she is entirely correct. We are currently seeing in our country a dramatic cut in arts education curriculum in our public schoolsRead MoreBenefits Of Music And Art Education977 Words   |  4 PagesThe Benefits of Music and Art Education If we live in the land of many opportunities, then why should music and art programs be cut from schools? When people hear the term â€Å"art†, their first initial thought would most likely be drawing or painting. However, it’s a lot more than the visual art forms that can be set on a paper or canvas; According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, the term â€Å"Art† is â€Å"something that is created with imagination and skill and that is beautiful or that expresses importantRead MoreAnalysis Of The Christian College s ( Pcc ) Definition Of Art, And Dr. Francis Schaeffer s Criteria For Essay1157 Words   |  5 PagesIntro Understanding art is often thought of as being an unreachable goal, but art should not be considered arbitrary because it influences the cultures and societies around us. The purpose of this paper is to define and also establish my opinions on Pensacola Christian College’s (PCC) definition of art, the bibliosophy of art, and Dr. Francis Schaeffer’s criteria for art. These topics are useful for artists as well as anyone else critiquing art, and can also serve as guidelines and standards forRead MoreArt Is A Catalyst Of Change1212 Words   |  5 PagesArt is a catalyst of change. It can confront both social and political issues as well as providing people with a creative outlet in which they can express their innermost thoughts and feelings - but what effect can art have on our society as a whole? Artists today have the unique ability to connect with people in a creative, innovative way that they can understand and interpret themselves. With this ability, artists are abl e to express their own views as well as influencing the views of others. ArtRead MoreThe Importance of Arts in School Essay1022 Words   |  5 Pagesthat is in a core subject or the arts. It gets them ready for life after school when they will be out in the real world having a career. However, the lack of art programs in school is a problem. Art programs have been continuously eliminated throughout the years. Schools focus on standardize testing and trying to improve their students’ scores. Schools enforce the core classes of English, Science, Math, and History, leaving no time for kids to take what little art classes they offer. â€Å"Every childRead MoreArtistic Expression Should Not Be Denied Because1141 Words   |  5 PagesSommer Wadman observes that, â€Å"Research suggests that when people have opportunities to explore and express who they are, they gain confidence that translates into success, both in adolescence and throughout adulthood† (â€Å"Express Yo urself: Power of the Arts† par. 4). According to this evidence, expressing yourself and being able to explore the world can gain confidence. This confidence, then turns into success. It helps young adults and teenagers into becoming an adult. Gaining confidence from any form

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Economics and Higher Grades free essay sample

Should I study more in math? T-Chart Cost Benefit Less time for things I like to do. | Higher grades. | Less time for family and friends. | Increased scores in finals. | Less time to earn money. | Graduate high school and more opportunities. | 1 Explain how the concepts of scarcity, choice, and opportunity cost relate to your dilemma. For scarcity it would be that instead of me doing other things of my liking I would study, resulting in higher grades. Opportunity cost would be for example working which comes with making money and letting that go but then in the long run being able to graduate high school and have more opportunities. 2 What are the possible short-term costs and benefits? What are the possible long-term costs and benefits? Explain your answers and make sure all are listed in your chart. The short term costs would be to give up things I like in return for higher grades. We will write a custom essay sample on Economics and Higher Grades or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Also giving up some time with friends amp; family would be shown in my final scores as it gives more time for studying. Also not working or making an income would take up less time and would make me be able to concentrate full time on my studies. 3. Which column has more responses? Which column has more powerful responses? Explain which points are most important to you and why. I believe the more powerful response come from the benefit as they are what I want the most and don’t really compare to the other short term effects. For example I would rather want to graduate and whatnot than to have money right now as I know it will help me in the future. 4. Based on the chart and your reflection of the above questions, what will be your final choice? Was this process helpful to you in reaching a decision? Write a brief paragraph with at least three details to persuade your instructor that this is the best decision. I would take more time to study as it pays off in the long run and would obviously be more beneficial to me than not doing it. It will also as you can see in the chart make me be able to excel more in the area’s in math I am having trouble with. I will be able to not have any trouble in passing exams, and I will be acquiring more knowledge on the subject for the future. Giving up work will also put a negative impact in short term for my wallet but it will give more time for me to acquire other knowledge on the subject.

Monday, April 13, 2020

Big Two-Hearted River - Part II By Ernest Hemmingway Essays

Big Two-Hearted River - Part II by Ernest Hemmingway Sudden, Unexpected Interjection "It is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." At one point in his short story, "Big Two-Hearted River: Part II", Hemingway's character Nick speaks in the first person. Why he adopts, for one line only, the first person voice is an interesting question, without an easy answer. Sherwood Anderson does the same thing in the introduction to his work, Winesburg, Ohio. The first piece, called "The Book of the Grotesque", is told from the first person point of view. But after this introduction, Anderson chooses not to allow the first person to narrate the work. Anderson and Hemingway both wrote collections of short stories told in the third person, and the intrusion of the first person narrator in these two pieces is unsettling. In both instances, though, the reader is left with a much more absorbing story; one in which the reader is, in fact, a main character. With the exception of "My Old Man", which is entirely in the first person , and "On the Quai at Smyrn a", which is only possibly in the first person, there is just one instance in In Our Time in which a character speaks in the first person. It occurs in "Big Two-Hearted River: Part II", an intensely personal story which completely immerses the reader in the actions and thoughts of Nick Adams. Hemingway's utilization of the omniscient third person narrator allows the reader to visualize all of Nick's actions and surroundings, which would have been much more difficult to accomplish using first person narration. Nick is seen setting up his camp in "Big Two-Hearted River: Part I" in intimate detail, from choosing the perfect place to set his tent to boiling a pot of coffee before going to sleep. The story is completely written the in third person and is full of images, sounds, and smells. In "Big Two-Hearted River: Part II" Hemingway exactly describes Nick's actions as he fishes for trout. Details of his fishing trip are told so clearly that the reader is almost an active participant in the expedition instead of someone reading a story. He carefully and expertly finds grasshoppers for bait, goes about breakfast and lunch-making, and sets off into the cold river. By being both inside and outside Nick's thoughts, the reader can sense precisely the drama that Hemingway wishes to bring to trout fishing. Nick catches one trout and throws it back to the river because it is too small. When he hooks a second one, it is an emotional battle between man and fish. Nick tries as hard as he can, but the fish snaps the line and escapes. Then, as Nick thinks about the fate of the trout which got away, Hemingway writes, "He felt like a rock, too, before he started off. By God, he was a big one. By God, he was the biggest one I ever heard of." This sudden switch to first-person narration is startling to the reader. Until this point Hemingway had solely used third person narration, but he did it so well that the reader feels as one with Nick. It is not definite whether this is Nick or Hemingway speaking. It could easily be either of the two. Hemingway doesn't include, "he thought," or, "he said to himself," and so it is unclear. The result is the same regardless. Using first person narration at this point serves to make the story more alive, more personal. It jolts the reader into realizing the humanity of Nick; he is no longer the object of a story but a real person. If Nick is making so much stir over it that he speaks directly to the reader, he must feel passionately about it. Or if Hemingway is so moved by the size of the trout that he exclaims at its size, I can only accept that Nick also feels this excitement. The sudden intrusion of the first person narrator makes the story more complete and its only character more life-like. It also brings the reader into the story as a listener. Sherwood Anderson's collection of short stories, Winesburg, Ohio, also has a moment

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Entrepreneurial Leadership Essays

Entrepreneurial Leadership Essays Entrepreneurial Leadership Essay Entrepreneurial Leadership Essay Entrepreneurial leadership helps develop and sustain elements of the organizational culture. Bergstrom (2004) interpreted that entrepreneurial leadership has three dimensions: 1) take more risk; 2) favor change to obtain the advantage; and 3) compete aggressively. We will discuss the common elements of different theories and philosophies as it relates to the new definition of entrepreneurial leadership. I will discuss my leadership style that I aspire to be, and compare it to dimensions of other leadership styles. Entrepreneurs have a wealth of knowledge at their finger tips using tools and resources available through the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the website SCORE. We will explore and compile useful information that can be obtained from the SBA that entrepreneurs and new business owners can use to gain an advantage on start up. I will describe my personal principles of leadership and explain why I believe in them. Entrepreneurial Leadership Discuss the common elements described in the theories/philosophies of Case, Kouzes, and Drucker including how their principles/strategies relate to the new definition of entrepreneurial leadership. Entrepreneurial leadership is a complex style of leading. Individuals who practice this style are generally; driven, risk taker, aggressive and can recognize when change will give the advantage. Peter Drucker (1985) discusses several strategies of entrepreneurs, but â€Å"Fustest With the Mostest† is one that looks to the future. Entrepreneurs are looking to the future of creating a new market or industry with their innovation. James Kouzes (2008) highlights his five practices of exemplary leadership. One of the five practices, â€Å"Inspire a Shared Vision† is leaders envision the future and create an ideal image of what the organization can become. Steve Case (2009) spoke at George Mason University commencement ceremony about his leadership philosophies of people, passion and perseverance. Case’s â€Å"Perseverance† is looking at what the company was going to do in the future not immediate gratification. The common element of all three of these theories/philosophies is look to the future. Immediate gratification will not suffice for the long term goals. Searching for common elements in the theories/philosophies of; Drucker, Kouzes and Case, I have identified yet another. Drucker’s â€Å"Creative Imitation† entrepreneurs improve a product or market already done. Kouzes’ â€Å"Challenge the process† leaders look for the challenge and ways to improve the process. Case’s â€Å"Passion† focuses on what you are passionate about and keep improving it. The common element is looking for ways to improve. Leaders are never satisfied with just achieving the goal. Once it’s achieved another goal is set. Leaders never stop wanting the best for themselves and the organization. The above mentioned theories/philosophies relate to the new definition of entrepreneurial leadership in that leaders help develop and sustain elements of the organizational culture. They have the ability to recognize opportunities and understand resources and capabilities. The related elements help develop the leaders, as well as, contribute to the success of the business. Discuss your leadership style or the style you aspire to be and how it compares to transactional, transformation, visionary, charismatic, principled, and entrepreneurial leadership. I have a vision of my leadership containing values, harmony, integrity, ethics and inspiration. I hold a high level of respect for my peers and subordinates. I expect my subordinates to do the same. I like to motivate and encourage as well as challenge the mind. I look for big opportunities and very well equipped employees. My leadership style compares more to principled leadership. I’m moral and ethical with high integrity. I do have characteristic of the other leadership styles. Charismatic with vision and articulation, transformational with enthusiasm and energy, transactional with clear chain of command, entrepreneurial with opportunities, and visionary with seeing the big picture. To sum it up, I am a transactional transformed visionary with charismatic principles who likes to lead. Discuss how you would use resources and tools available through the Small Business Administration and SCORE. A wealth of knowledge is compiled in one location for the small business entrepreneurial. The Small Business Administration website offers the Small Business Training Network (SBTN) which is a virtual campus offering online courses, publication and other forms of technical support. Gaining as much knowledge about running a business will give you that more of an advantage in a down economy. I would use the business planning and business management on the virtual campus. This would educate me on preparing a business plan and finding out how to strategically plan for the future of my business. Also on the SBA website they have a course on the SBTN on Finance and Accounting. This course will explain SBA financing and funding for the small business, it will walk you through filling out the loan packet, and it will introduce you to accounting. One of the most important aspects of running a business is the bookkeeping. Every business owner should know how to record income and expenses. I then went to the SCORE website, they have a template gallery for free downloads. I could down load a start up business plan, 12-month cash flow spreadsheet and a 12-month sales forecast spreadsheet. SCORE also provides podcasts for marketing and estimating expenses. There is an enormous amount of education and business prep materials for the small business entrepreneurial at a key stroke. Describe your personal principles of leadership and your rationale for selecting them. My personal principles of leadership include responsibility and honesty. I have to take responsibility for my actions and be honest with the outcome. As the old saying goes, â€Å"the truth can hurt†, and sometimes it can, but as a professional I have to learn to deal with it. I much rather be told the truth than lied to. I would also have to include Self-discipline and integrity as part of my personal principles of leadership. Self-discipline and integrity holds me accountable to myself, the organization, peers and subordinates. You have to be honest to yourself and hold yourself to a higher standard before you can do that for and to others. I have a set of core values that keep me driven and committed to anything I do. References Bergstrom, A. (2004). Synopsis of Entrepreneurial Leadership: Developing and Measuring a Cross-Cultural Construct. Leadership Review, Vol. 4, 103-104. Drucker, P. (1985). Entrepreneurial Strategies. California Management Review, Vol XXVII, No. 2. 9-25. Kouzes, J. (2008). Rising to the Leadership Challenge. Podcast #:08-27. Case, S. (2009). 2009 George Mason University Commencement Speech: People, Passion and Perseverance. casefoundation. org/blog/steve-case-george-mason-university-commencement-speech

Monday, February 24, 2020

Art Friedman - Friedmans Appliance Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Art Friedman - Friedmans Appliance - Case Study Example Earning a decent salary followed by  convenient  and safe working conditions  depict  the hierarchy of needs. A generous salary acts as a first  level  motivator then  suitable  working conditions  come  in as a  second  level motivator. The factor applying to Friedman’s Appliance is hygiene factor. These factors include; quality of supervision, working condition, salary,  administration  and  company  policies. The need for  achievement  also applies in Friedman’s Appliance. Employees with the need of achievement were free to choose their  appropriate  working  schedule  and  propose  their  pay  (Lussier  &  Achua, 2010). Equity and  expectancy  theories do apply in Friedman’s Appliance  case. Employees  expect  their input and outputs to be at par as outlined in Equity theory. In Friedmans Appliance, employees could choose their level of  salary  in accordance with their level of input. According to  expectancy  theory, there is a direct relationship between motivation and the  performance  generated. Employees at Friedmans Appliance increased their productivity with  an increase  in their salaries (Lussier  &  Achua, 2010). Friedman employed positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is adding a stimulus in order to  achieve  a  superior  response. Employees at Friedmans Appliance got a pay raise and also had the benefit of choosing their working schedule. These, in turn, increased their productivity (Lussier  &  Achua, 2010). Conscientiousness is one of the five personality dimensions illustrated by Art Friedman. Employees illustrated this by being achievement-oriented, disciplined and organized. Friedmans Appliance employees exhibited this goal-directed behavior. Their conscientiousness positively correlated with their productivity (Lussier  &  Achua,